Punishing and Fighting Disbelievers:
Well, it becomes the most widespread lie about Islam that it calls for Killing Disbelievers. First I will list down verses from Quran showing how Muslims were asked to treat unbelievers and then I will answer the lies.
1- Quran 2:191 “And slay them wherever ye find them”: this verse has to be read in its context with the verse before it as below:
“Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors (190) And kill them wherever you overtake them and expel them from wherever they have expelled you, and fitnah is worse than killing. And do not fight them at al-Masjid al- Haram until they fight you there. But if they fight you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers (191)” (Quran 2:190-191)
These verses were revealed at a time when Muslims of Madinah were under constant attack from the Makkans. If you read the verse in context, you learn it asks to kill them as a matter of defense in a specific case of war. Read more ..
2- Quran 3:28 Muslim must not take the infidels as friends: It is obvious that everyone chooses his friends based on what they can provide for him, even if it is only support. Then the only friend a Muslim can have to help him practicing Islam is a Muslim. This verse discourages Muslim of taking a non-muslim not as a friend but as a supporter or helper, also it does not call for not acting friendly with them. Other verses were listed above. Read more..
“Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Auliya (supporters, helpers, etc.) instead of the believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allah warns you against Himself (His Punishment), and to Allah is the final return.” (Quran 3:28)
3- Quran 3:85 Any Religion other than Islam is not acceptable: Lets read the verse first:
“And whoever desires other than Islam as religion – never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.” (Quran:3:85)
This verse comes in a context where Allah asks Muslims to believe in all prophets and to follow Islam as it is the only religion that is accepted in the Hearafter. In Islam, there is no Compulsion in Religion, everyone is free to choose whatever he likes. In the Haerafter, Allah says only Islam is acceptable. This verse does not call for enforcing Islam, but it explains result of following it. Read more..
4- Quran 5:33 Maim and crucify the infidels if they criticize Islam: Again lets read the full verse first:
“Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they be exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world; and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment” (Quran:5:33)
So, it is not about criticizing Islam. It is about waging a war against Allah and his Messenger and strive upon earth to cause corruption. Also to get the whole picture, one needs to read the full context of this verse with the other verses, to get a good explanation, please Read more..
5- Quran 8:12 Terrorize and behead those who believe in scriptures other than the Qur’an. This is the most ridiculous one because the verse has nothing to do with this! Lets read the verse first then explain its context.
“When thy Lord inspired the angels, (saying): I am with you. So make those who believe stand firm. I will throw fear into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Then smite the necks and smite of them each finger.” (Quran 8:12)
When reading the previous verses, one will get that these verses were revealed at the Battle of Badr, a battle in which the pagans of Makkah traveled over 200 miles to destroy the Muslims of Madinah and it describes the battle, to read the rest of verses and the historical context, please Read more..
6- Quran 8:60 Muslims must master all weapons to terrorize the infidels: this verse has to be read in its context with the verses before and after it as below:
“And let not those who disbelieve suppose that they can outstrip (Allah’s Purpose). Lo! they cannot escape (59) Make ready for them all thou canst of (armed) force and of horses tethered, that thereby ye may dismay the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others beside them whom ye know not. Allah knoweth them. Whatsoever ye spend in the way of Allah it will be repaid to you in full, and ye will not be wronged (60) But if they incline to peace, you also incline to it, and (put your) trust in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower (61)” (Quran 8:59-61)
All countries around the world are doing the same, every country has to be in a power position, that does not mean it should go into a war with everyone else. Muslims have to be prepared, although the verse 61 explains it all. This power should not be used if disbelievers incline to peace. Also Read more..
7- Quran 8:65 The unbelievers are stupid: urge the Muslims to fight them: Lets read the verse first:
“O Prophet, urge the believers to battle. If there are among you twenty [who are] steadfast, they will overcome two hundred. And if there are among you one hundred [who are] steadfast, they will overcome a thousand of those who have disbelieved because they are a people who do not understand.” (Quran 8:65)
This verse comes after 3 verses of the one in the previous one – verse 8:61 – which prefers peace over fighting as mentioned. Now, in case of otherwise, the prophet has to urge believers to fight when they are in a battle. As mentioned in the verse, twenty steadfast Muslims can overcome two hundred unbelievers, so it is a war between two groups, not as a general instruction to just fight. Also the Arabic word that it used for urge is “Harred”, it has a meaning in Arabic that you have to do something or otherwise it will happen to you. So the right translation is urge the believers to fight or otherwise they will be killed, again this shows a case of war.
As for they are a people who do not understand, it can not be said that unbelievers are stupid! Allah said that 20 Muslims can overcome 200 unbelievers, and 100 steadfast Muslims can overcomes 1000 unbelievers because unbelievers don’t understand the real reason of life as Muslims do, thus Muslims in battle can overcome unbelievers. Read more ..
8- Quran 9:5 When opportunity arises, kill the infidels whenever you catch them. This verse and the ones before it deal specifically with the situation of Meccan polytheists breaking peace treaties and openly declaring war on the Muslim polity. To get the whole picture, lets read the verses from 1 to 6.
“[This is a declaration of] disassociation, from Allah and His Messenger, to those with whom you had made a treaty among the polytheists. (1) So travel freely, [O disbelievers], throughout the land [during] four months but know that you cannot cause failure to Allah and that Allah will disgrace the disbelievers. (2) And [it is] an announcement from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allah is disassociated from the disbelievers, and [so is] His Messenger. So if you repent, that is best for you; but if you turn away – then know that you will not cause failure to Allah . And give tidings to those who disbelieve of a painful punishment. (3) Excepted are those with whom you made a treaty among the polytheists and then they have not been deficient toward you in anything or supported anyone against you; so complete for them their treaty until their term [has ended]. Indeed, Allah loves the righteous [who fear Him]. (4) And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, let them [go] on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. (5) And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah. Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know. (6)” (Quran 9:1-6)
9- Quran 9:123 Make war on the infidels living in the neighborhood. Lets read the verse first:
“O you who have believed, fight those adjacent to you of the disbelievers and let them find in you harshness. And know that Allah is with the righteous.” (Quran 9:123)
The verse is in the same sura (9) as the ones in the previous point. So as rules were set on how to deal with unbelievers as mentioned before, this verse explains a rule in case of a war, that Muslims have to fight those who are adjacent to them. Islam as a religion calls for peace, still it sets rules in case of war and this is one of these rules. For detailed explanation Read more or Read more ..
10- Quran 47:4 Do not hanker for peace with the infidels; behead them when you catch them. Lets read the verse first:
“So when you meet in battle those who disbelieve, then smite the necks until when you have overcome them, then make (them) prisoners, and afterwards either set them free as a favor or let them ransom (themselves) until the war terminates. That (shall be so); and if Allah had pleased He would certainly have exacted what is due from them, but that He may try some of you by means of others; and (as for) those who are slain in the way of Allah, He will by no means allow their deeds to perish.” (Quran 47:4)
Again, another rule in case of war, that Muslims have to fight with no fear, then this verse explains how to deal with prisoners, which is either to set them free or let them ransom themselves. For detailed explanation Read more ..
At the end, to answer all the ones who look for verses in Quran related to fight and war, you need to know the following:
- Islam is a way of life; it sets rules for how to eat, to sleep, to work, to deal with others, to trade, .. It has to do with everything anyone do daily. It defines the responsibilities toward someone-self, his parents, his wife, his children, his relatives, his work, his neighborhood, society and the whole world. It also defines his rights in an islamic country. Some of these rules are related to being in war, so these rules have to be there besides all other rules. To have a religion that can be applied anytime anywhere.
- Let us briefly look at the major battles that the Prophet Muhammad fought after he established his political power in Medina:
Muslims confronted the Meccan forces at Badr—80 miles from Medina, and 200 miles from Mecca. The location and the circumstances are quite clear that the Meccan infidels were the aggressors.3 AH, The Battle of Uhud
Named after a mountain just outside Medina. Meccans came to extract revenge for the defeat in Badr.5 AH, The Battle of Ahzab (or Khandaq)
The Meccan unbelievers, in alliance with the Jews of northern Arabia, came to attack the Muslims in Medina.6 AH, The Peace-Treaty of Hudaybiyya
In the 6th year after the Prophet’s migration, accompanied by Muslims, he decided to go for pilgrimage to Mecca. The infidels prevented the Muslims from entering the city of Mecca. After lengthy negotiations, both parties signed a peace treaty for the term of ten years.The implications of this peace treaty were very far-reaching:
Firstly, until the signing of this treaty, the Muslims were mostly busy in defending themselves against the Meccans (their external enemies) and the Jews (their internal enemies).
Secondly, only after the signing of this treaty, did the Muslims feel safe and secure enough to travel to regions and countries outside Medina. The peace-treaty gave Muslims the opportunity to start an organized campaign to propagate Islam among surrounding tribes and countries.
Thirdly, from the 6th year of the Prophet’s migration to the 9th year, so much propagation and missionary work had occurred that almost the entire Arabian Peninsula came into the fold of Islam–without the force of sword! As a result, the 9th year is known as ‘Amul Wufũd—the Year of Delegations: because many delegations of Arab tribes were coming to Medina to declare their acceptance of Islam.
9 AH, the Conquest of Mecca
Only when the Meccans violated the conditions of the peace-treaty, did the Muslims take over the city of Mecca without bloodshed—thereafter, in 9th AH, Mecca was declared as a holy city where idol-worshipping was forbidden.
Even then the idol-worshippers of Mecca were given four months’ grace period to stay and study Islam. If they were still not convinced of Islam’s message, then they were to be asked to leave the holy territory of Mecca. (See the Qur’an Surah at-Tawba, 9:3)
Finally, this is another effort prepared to show the truth about such lies.